The following softball pitching drills are designed to help players master the components of the pitch before putting the whole pitch together.  It is absolutely essential that pitchers understand the details and the movements making up the entire pitch instead of launching straight into learning a drop or curve ball.softball pitching drills

By taking things one component at a time, you can focus your team in whatever area you feel is most important.  This also gives you the freedom to separate out any skill that is weak among your players and help them improve it with intense practice.

Arm Swing Drills

Wall Throws—This drill focuses on speed and only involves the arm rotation instead of the feet as well.  Pitchers stand as close to a wall as possible while still being able to complete the entire movement freely.  This drill should use a softie instead of a regular ball.

Pitchers wind up like normal and pitch as hard and fast as they can into the wall.  Though this may sound strange because this is a speed drill, players should not focus on speed.  They should focus on putting 100% power behind each pitch, which will translate to more speed.  If they focus on speed they will actually slow down because of the mental component that is not usually there.

After a few pitches directly into the wall, pitchers back up a bit but continue the drill, focusing on total power instead of control or speed.  When the pitcher continues to back up but feels that she is losing her power, bring her back closer to the wall.  The point is that eventually she will have the same power right next to the wall as she will at her normal pitching distance.

There is a variation on this drill that targets endurance.  Standing in the original spot next to the wall, pitchers throw as many balls as they can in a one-minute period, focusing as always on completing each pitch with total power.

Circle Speed Drill—This drill improves a pitcher’s arm rotation speed, leading to more powerful throws and controlled speed.  To do this drill, the pitcher’s feet should be wider than shoulder width and in a stride position, as if she has taken a small stride.

She will make three fast circles with her pitching arm, releasing the ball on the third rotation.  The shoulder should stay relaxed but controlled.  The purpose of this drill is to increase arm rotation speed and help pitchers release the ball with more momentum.

To help aim the ball, the pitcher should have her glove hand at shoulder height and facing the catcher, where she wants to throw the ball.  After working on three rotations before a pitch, reduce it to two rotations before the pitch and finally, one rotation and the pitch.

If players feel any pain during this drill, they should stop immediately.  The shoulder must be relaxed enough that it can rotate quickly without pain, but players should never push through shoulder pain.

Walk-Up Drill—This drill begins with the pitcher behind the mound.  The pitcher gets only one step onto the mound before the pitch.  The pitcher will take a step onto the mound as they are presenting the ball and then throw a pitch.  The step should be aggressive and long, helping the pitcher to extend her pitching range and get momentum.

Full Motion Pitching Drills

Dummy Batter Drill—The dummy batter drill involves a cardboard or wood cutout of a batter, standing in their first stance at the plate.  This drill is best for pitchers already understanding the mechanics and simply wanting to improve their accuracy and aim.

The dummy batter should have a line coming down in front of it, made from some stiff material that will not blow about in the wind.  This line is the proverbial “bulls eye” for a pitcher.  Since pitchers are working here to improve their aim and number of strikes, having a visual cue denoting the perfect strike line will help as they experiment with pitches.

The dummy batter is also great because of the safety concerns with pitching.  When a pitcher is learning a new pitch or tweaking their aim, the chances of a batter getting hit with a ball are pretty high.  With the dummy batter, batters stay safe and the pitcher is free to experiment as necessary.

The dummy batter drill can be used for much more than developing proper aim.  It is also a great pitching tool for learning new pitches, especially pitches like the drop, curve, rise, and screw.  Since pitchers will have to practice over and over to develop the proper ball movement, having a dummy batter there will lend consistency to their practices.

Pitching Distance Drill
—For pitchers needing to improve or practice control and accuracy, this pitching distance drill can do the trick.  The catcher starts at the plate like normal and does not move.  The pitcher starts at a designated line, about half her normal starting distance from the catcher.  After throwing a few strikes from this closer location, the pitcher backs up to another designated line, about 10 feet behind the first.  She repeats the drill, throwing several strikes before moving back to the next pitching line.

The lines should start about half the normal pitching distance and end at twice the pitcher’s normal pitching length.  The coach can determine how many strikes are necessary before moving on to the next line.

The important point about the pitching distance drill is that pitchers should essentially keep their form the same as they pitch, regardless of where they are in relation to the catcher.  It is important that they provide the right amount of power, which will depend on where they are standing, but the body mechanics and pitching technique stays the same.

As pitchers move farther out, they should focus on:

•    Taking a longer stride
•    Making a more controlled final down swing
•    Getting a good flick of the wrist at the release

20-4 Drill—The 20-4 drill, or the 10-3 drill if you are working with younger players, focuses on strike accuracy and ball control.  Pitchers start at their normal pitching distance or somewhat closer, depending on the development and skill of the pitcher.  It is fine to start at half the distance and work back up to the normal pitching distance.

This drill requires pitchers to pitch 20 strikes for every 4 balls they pitch.  If the pitcher gets the forth ball before getting the 20th strike, they start over.  Be careful not to overwork pitchers in this drill, because it requires lots of repetitive pitching.

One of the points of this drill is to keep players from focusing on speed and instead, to focus on accuracy.  Pitchers should be encouraged to pitch slower, at about 60% of their normal pitching speed.  This is because the drill is repetitive and requires pitchers to pitch much faster than usual, with less downtime between pitches.

If enjoyed these drills and would like to see more, go check out this free softball drills video now. It reveals my favorite activity for youth and high school teams (something we use almost EVERY practice).


  • Jennifer

    Reply Reply August 28, 2016

    My 10 yr has only been pitching for a few months. All of her pitches seem to be drop balls and just fall in there. She’s pretty accurate to be a beginner though. What can I do to help her fix this?

  • Emily Prebil

    Reply Reply June 24, 2015

    I am a pretty fast pitcher and the best on both my teams but these drills are making me better and i have done alot of them but when i do these drills and pitching in games i feel like i am in the top of the world and i can do everything. these are great drills and i really recomend that pitchers do these drills to make their arms stronger so they can throw faster.

  • Monica

    Reply Reply May 6, 2015

    I don’t understand where you would put the line on the dummy batter drill. Thanks for clarifying.

  • sam

    Reply Reply April 16, 2014

    thanks help a lot

  • samantha

    Reply Reply June 19, 2013

    I love the drills I am getting better 😉

  • Allie Clark

    Reply Reply December 1, 2012

    The only way that you can keep your foot on the rubber while releasing the ball is to purposely not generate any momentum. Your daughter should, however, make sure she is dragging her foot instead of picking it up off the ground, if she is even doing that. Pushing off the mound with her drag foot is how pitchers generate momentum and create speed. If they don’t, their mechanics can be sacrificed.

  • Sandy

    Reply Reply October 24, 2012

    Suggestions on how to keep a beigners wrist from twisting all over the place in her back swing?

  • Wendy

    Reply Reply August 21, 2012

    My 9 year old daughter has been told she needs to release the ball while her back foot is still on the rubber, but I have yet to see anyone actually do that. Any advice out there? Thank you in advance! 🙂

    • Alissa

      Reply Reply August 30, 2012

      Hi Wendy. Please do not listen to the person that told your daughter that. I am 22 years old and have been pitching since I was 8. If you follow the proper mechanics of a pitch I’m not sure releasing the ball while still on the rubber is even possible.

      • Kels

        Reply Reply May 29, 2014

        I agree, I have been pitching since I have been 9 and I am now 20, this person even if he/she is an umpire they don’t know the proper ruling or pitching mechanics.

    • Kels

      Reply Reply May 29, 2014

      She has to keep her back foot on the rubber until she is about to release, if she slaps her leg with her glove which helps to tell them when to release; as she is snapping that is when to drag her foot. Its not that complicated but she cant take her foot off the mound until her “K” is finished or in the process.the “K” is also called a butterfly.

      • Karli

        Reply Reply June 26, 2015

        You should step and open your hips. Once you get your arm around you release in between your hips. Then you step through the pitch. If that makes sense. One foot has to be on the rubber when you release.

        • Coach Don

          Reply Reply July 12, 2015

          Karli, you do not have to have a foot on the rubber when you release the ball. You must start with one foot on the rubber (some leagues require two) and you must keep one foot (toe) touching the ground at all times.

  • madison

    Reply Reply July 13, 2012

    i love these they really work now i am our teams number two pitch

  • payton

    Reply Reply June 18, 2012

    thanks these steps really increased my speed and consistancy my accuracy still needs work but it has inprove greatly.

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